Background Papers

pdf 1.79 MB Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Professional Development on Improving Mathematics and Science Instruction (MSP PD Study): Year 2 Progress Report Second year report of the longitudinal study of the effects of professional development at improving math and science instruction.
pdf 1.25 MB Longitudinal Study to Measure Effects of MSP Professional Development on Improving Math and Science Instruction This workshop presentation tool helps build the understanding of how the educators can obtain reliable, valid data: to determine alignment of instruction with required standards and assessments and to determine the quality of professional development activities. The tool explains the process by asking two research questions: To what extent is the quality of professional development supported by MSP activities consistent with research-based definitions of quality? What effects do teachers' professional development experiences have on instructional practices and content taught in math and science classes?
pdf 118 KB Empirical Study of the Effects of Professional Development on Improving Mathematics and Science Instruction This project summary delineates the goals, design and the need for the proposed three-year empirical study of the effects of professional development on improving math and science instruction.
pdf 2.23 MB Data on Enacted Curriculum Study - Summary of Findings: Experimental Design Study of Effectiveness of DEC Professional Development Model in Urban Middle Schools Summary of findings from the three-year experimental study conducted to determine the effectiveness of a professional development model aimed at improving the quality of math and science instruction
pdf 356 KB Exploring Relationships between Professional Development, Teacher Practice, and State Content Standards Presents preliminary results of initial analyses across several samples of SEC data. Findings reveal persistent relationships between professional development, climate, practice and instructional content indicators.
pdf 387 KB Improving Effectiveness of Instruction in Mathematics and Science with Data on Enacted Curriculum Brochure for Data on Enacted Curriculum study (2001-04) into the effects of a data-driven model for improving instruction in K-12 math and science education.
pdf 411 KB Measuring the Content of Instruction: Uses in Research and Practice Discusses the importance of the instructional content as a variable in educational research and as a key component in improving the quality of instructional practice.
pdf 290 KB Analyzing Instructional Content Illustrates the importance of SEC, how SEC can be used as a tool for policy makers and schools.
pdf 562 KB Using Data on Enacted Curriculum in Mathematics and Science: Sample Results from a Study of Classroom Practices and Subject Content This report (2000) summarizes the findings for 11 states participating in the first field study of the "enacted curriculum" in mathematics and science.
pdf 199 KB Models for Alignment Analysis and Assistance to States Summarizes various models of alignment analyses for the state leaders to make informed decision about improving capacity for analyzing alignment.
pdf 141 KB Alignment of Assessments, Standards and Instruction Using Curriculum Indicator Data Discusses an approach to alignment that uses a systematic langauge to describe curricular content that can be applied to multiple components of the standards-based, accountability-driven educational system.
pdf 637KB New Tools for Analyzing Teaching, Curriculum and Standards in Mathematics & Science Project report, published in 2001 after the completion of two years of development and testing of SEC math and science. Instruments: describe advances in survey methods and analyses of enacted curriculum data; highlights central findings of the research and; describes applications of the survey and data tools for linking education research and improvement of practice.
pdf 1.75 MB Describing, Analyzing, & Reporting Curriculum Data: The SEC Toolbox Provides information on: online-offline SEC data-sets; collaborative and evaluative use of SEC; content analysis; alignment analyses; quantitative approach to alignment and; analyses for program evaluation.
ppt 851 KB Exploring Relationships between Professional Development, Teacher Practice, and State Content Standards Illustrates summary measures of classroom instruction which have persitent association with professional development activities across multiple samples of teachers.
ppt 1.59 MB Findings on Alignment of Instruction Using Enacted Curriculum Data Explains the key questions addressed by the SEC tool: how the educators can obtain reliable, valid data to determine the degree of alignment of instruction with state standards and assessments and how the data can improve strategies for alignment
ppt 699 KB Alignment of Mathematics Standards & Assessments Provides graphical representation of three states' alignment data between state tests and state standards, in Mathematics.
ppt 1.43 MB Mathematics Content Alignment Within and Across Grade Levels: From Data on Enacted Curriculum Project Illustrates how the SEC approach to conceptualizing and investigating alignment, helps frame questions regarding description and analysis of alignment across classroom.
ppt 1 MB Surveys of Enacted Currciulum: Using Curriculum Measures for Description & Analysis Discusses the alignment analysis process using SEC data
doc 74 KB Findings on Alignment of Instruction Using Enacted Curriculum Data: Results from Urban Schools Describes findings from an analysis of alignment between instructional content taught in middle school math/science and state standards or assessments. Results provide evidence of the applicability of the SEC alignment model for formative evaluation and for identifying variation in instruction and curriculum content in classrooms.
pdf 424 KB Measuring Classroom Practice: Lessons Learned from Efforts to Describe the Enacted Curriculum - The Reform Up Close Study This paper addresses the issues of reliability and validity surrounding attempts to describe instructional practices and learning opportunities. It draws from the data and experiences of researchers associated with the Reform Up Close Study (RUC) conducted by CPRE for the National Sciences Foundation. RUC examined the effects of state and district attempts to increase high school graduation requirements and other standard-setting activities in Mathematics and Science.
pdf 2698 KB Indicators of Quality of Teacher Professional Development and Instructional Change Using Data from Surveys of Enacted Curriculum: Findings from NSF MSP-RETA Project The SEC data provides a robust set of indicator measures of instructional practice. Through time-series data collected from math and science teachers in MSP-supported professional development programs and comparison teachers, the study team analyzed effects of MSP professional development programs. The brief findings highlight significant differences between comparison and treatment groups and significant differences in instruction following professional development. The findings include: more time in professional development for MSP teachers; greater subject content focus in professional development for MSP teachers; better preparation for MSP teachers; change in instructional practice for MSP teachers; increased alignment of instruction to standards.
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